There are a number of forms of hormonal contraception, including the birth control pill, the vaginal ring, the contraceptive skin patch and hormone-releasing contraceptive coils. Although they are used in quite different ways, they have a similar effect: They all influence women’s hormone levels, and most of them prevent mature eggs from being released by the ovaries (ovulation). Hormonal contraceptives reliably prevent pregnancy, but they can have side effects such as headaches and breakthrough bleeding between periods – also known as “spotting.”
In many countries, the birth control pill (sometimes simply called “the pill”) is the most commonly used form of contraception. Newer hormone-based methods like the skin patch and vaginal ring are less well known and not used as much. There are also hormone-based contraceptive coils. They are placed inside the womb, where they continuously release .
When used properly, hormonal contraceptives are a very reliable way to prevent pregnancy. But they don’t offer any protection against sexually transmitted diseases such as AIDS or hepatitis C. And they all have to be prescribed by a doctor. In Germany, the costs are covered by statutory health insurers in women under the age of 20.