Types of dentures
Anyone who has lost one or more teeth usually wants them replaced as quickly as possible so that they can carry on with their normal life. The best type of denture and whether it is a good idea to have one at all will depend on a number of different factors – such as whether there are still neighboring teeth on both sides of the gap in the teeth and how healthy they are, and whether there are still teeth above or below the gap. Other things to consider include oral health and oral hygiene, as well as the person's age and lifestyle factors. Their personal preferences and expectations, ability to pronounce words and chew properly and – last, but not least – the costs will play a role too.
There are fixed and removable types of dentures. Crowns and bridges, for example, are fixed permanently to the teeth, but there are also different types of removable dentures available.
Artificial teeth can be attached to remaining teeth or dental implants. Dental implants are artificial roots anchored in the jaw. The various types of dentures can also be combined in different ways: A crown might be fixed on top of a dental implant, and then a partial denture could be fixed on top of the crown.
Before suggesting the best type of denture, your dentist will first examine your teeth to see how large the gap in the teeth is, where it is located, and whether there are still teeth next to it. The dentist will also check how healthy your jaw and any neighboring teeth are.
In the German health care system, your dentist puts together a treatment plan and cost overview, and then submits it to your health insurer before treatment can begin. The health insurer will then let you know what part of the treatment costs they will pay. If you have questions about the different treatments and costs in the plan your dentist suggested, it may be a good idea to get a second opinion from another dentist. Statutory health insurers and patient information centers run by the dental association also provide advice on dentures and artificial teeth.