Andreae. Lexikon der Krankheiten und Untersuchungen. Stuttgart: Thieme. 2008.
Jarvis GJ, Millar DR. Controlled trial of bladder drill for detrusor instability. British medical Journal 1980; 281: 1322-1323.
Longo DL, Fauci AS, Kasper DL, Hauser SL, Jameson JL, Loscalzo J. Harrison’s Principles of internal medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill Companies. 18th ed; 2011.
Pschyrembel W. Klinisches Wörterbuch. Berlin: De Gruyter; 2014.
Wyman JF, Burgio KL, Newman DK. Practical aspects of lifestyle modifications and behavioural interventions in the treatment of overactive bladder and urgency urinary incontinence. International Journal of Clinical Practice 2009; 63: 1177-1191.
Wyman JF, Fantl JA, McClish DK, Bump RC et al. Comparative efficacy of behavioural interventions in the management of female urinary incontinence. Continence Program for Women Research Group. General obstetrics and Gynecology 1998; 179: 999-1007.
IQWiG health information is written with the aim of helping people understand the advantages and disadvantages of the main treatment options and health care services.
Because IQWiG is a German institute, some of the information provided here is specific to the German health care system. The suitability of any of the described options in an individual case can be determined by talking to a doctor. informedhealth.org can provide support for talks with doctors and other medical professionals, but cannot replace them. We do not offer individual consultations.
Our information is based on the results of good-quality studies. It is written by a team of health care professionals, scientists and editors, and reviewed by external experts. You can find a detailed description of how our health information is produced and updated in our methods.