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Measles

Measles

Measles is caused by viruses and is very contagious – both in children and adults. The typical signs of measles are a light red rash and flu-like symptoms. A vaccine provides effective protection from measles and helps to prevent it from spreading to other people.

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Further topics

  • Atrial fibrillation

    Atrial fibrillation

    The most common sign of atrial fibrillation is an irregular heart rate that is often too fast. Although the condition isn’t immediately life-threaten...

  • Measles

    Measles

    Measles is caused by viruses and is very contagious – both in children and adults. The typical signs of measles are a light red rash and flu-like sym...

  • Photo of a boy being examined by a doctor

    Mumps

    Mumps is a viral infection that has become rare since the introduction of a routine vaccination. It is usually spread through tiny droplets of spit t...

  • Photo of a girl crying

    Rubella (German measles)

    Rubella usually goes unnoticed or only causes mild cold-like symptoms. Later, a pink or red spotty skin rash might develop. If a woman has rubella ea...

  • Photo of an older couple and a doctor

    Type 2 diabetes

    Many people who are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes are completely taken by surprise – for instance, if high blood sugar levels are discovered during ...

  • Photo of a pregnant woman and her doctor

    Gestational diabetes

    Pregnant women are often surprised to find out they have gestational diabetes because it usually doesn’t cause any symptoms. But this type of diabete...

  • Photo of someone washing their hands

    Common colds

    Sneezing and a sore throat are often the very first signs you are getting a cold. Once your nose has become stuffy, you may feel weak and generally i...

  • Photo of a father and his son

    Croup

    If young children have a cold and the area around their larynx (voice box) becomes inflamed, it's known as croup. The typical symptoms include a bark...

  • Wrist injuries

    Wrist injuries

    Breaking a fall with your hands can sometimes lead to a wrist injury. If the wrist joint is overstretched or bent too far, the joint capsule, ligamen...

  • Patellofemoral pain syndrome (runner’s knee)

    Patellofemoral pain syndrome (runner’s knee)

    Pain at the front of the knee is usually caused by overuse. It is especially common in people who do a lot of sports, such as running, mountaineering...

  • Dislocated kneecap

    Dislocated kneecap

    When a kneecap is dislocated, it comes out of the groove that it normally fits into. This is painful and may look frightening. It mainly happens duri...

  • Scarlet fever

    Scarlet fever

    Doctors can usually diagnose scarlet fever quite easily based on the typical rash and a dark-red tongue, sometimes referred to as a “strawberry tongu...

  • Menopause

    Menopause

    What happens in a woman’s body in the time leading up to menopause? What symptoms might accompany the hormonal changes, and how can they be relieved?...

  • Seborrheic dermatitis

    Seborrheic dermatitis

    Seborrheic dermatitis is a non-infectious skin condition. It leads to scaly patches of skin with oily dandruff-like flakes, especially on the face an...

  • Presbyopia

    Presbyopia

    Most people start noticing the effects of presbyopia in their mid-forties: It becomes harder to see close-up things clearly. For instance, y ou have ...

  • Lazy eye (amblyopia) in children

    Lazy eye (amblyopia) in children

    Amblyopia is a common vision problem in children. It is caused when one eye provides sharper images than the other eye does. Because the brain prefer...

  • Small objects in the eye

    Small objects in the eye

    Whether you are outside biking or doing DIY projects at home – it’s easy for small objects to get into your eye. There, they can injure the surface o...

  • Dulaglutide (Trulicity) for the treatment of type 2 diabetes

    Dulaglutide (Trulicity) for the treatment of type 2 diabetes

    Dulaglutide (trade name: Trulicity) has been approved in Germany since November 2014 for the treatment of type 2 diabetes when diet and exercise alon...

  • Allergic contact dermatitis

    Allergic contact dermatitis

    In allergic contact dermatitis, the immune system overreacts to certain substances – sometimes to very small amounts – that normally wouldn’t cause a...

  • Food allergies

    Food allergies

    In food allergies, even small amounts of the food can be enough to trigger an allergic reaction (e.g. itching and swelling in the mouth and throat, o...

  • Insect venom allergies

    Insect venom allergies

    We all get stung or bitten by insects every now and then – and most people end up with a small, red, itchy bump as a result. But those who are allerg...

  • Drug allergies

    Drug allergies

    Medications can have a number of side effects, including allergic reactions. People who have a drug allergy are often no longer sure which medication...

  • Wisdom teeth

    Wisdom teeth

    Many people associate wisdom teeth with "being pulled," a bruised and swollen cheek, and an ice pack. Removing wisdom teeth is usually unpleasant and...

  • Allergies

    Allergies

    Allergies arise if the body's immune system overreacts to substances (allergens) that are usually harmless, such as pollen. The symptoms are sometime...

  • Allergies to animals

    Allergies to animals

    People aren't allergic to the fur of animals, but rather to proteins that are found on the animal's dander (skin flakes), sweat or spit. The allergy ...

  • Hay fever

    Hay fever

    If you have hay fever, you're not alone: About 1 in 4 people have this allergy. Various medications and allergen-specific immunotherapy often provide...

  • Dust mite allergies

    Dust mite allergies

    Dust mite allergies usually develop in childhood or puberty. The symptoms, such as sneezing, are caused by substances that are mainly found in the fe...

  • Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo

    Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo

    If you feel like everything is spinning around you and rocking from side to side, you probably have vertigo. Vertigo can occur while standing, walkin...

  • Gingivitis and periodontitis

    Gingivitis and periodontitis

    A gum inflammation (gingivitis) is usually harmless and goes away quickly. But it might spread to the periodontium (the soft tissue and bone that sup...

  • Photo of an older couple looking for health information on the internet

    How can I find good-quality information about the coronavirus?

    The coronavirus is on everyone’s mind right now. Many people are finding out about it on the internet or from sharing on social networks. There is a ...

  • Localized prostate cancer

    Localized prostate cancer

    Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed type of cancer in men. But it is also one of the types of cancer with the best chances of recovery. It...

  • Tendon overuse injuries (tendinopathy)

    Tendon overuse injuries (tendinopathy)

    If you regularly put a lot of strain on a tendon, for instance when doing sports or certain work-related activities, it might become sore. Tendon ove...

  • Tooth decay

    Tooth decay

    Preventing tooth decay is basically child's play: It's all about a healthy diet, less candy and thorough dental hygiene. Read about the most importan...

  • Shoulder pain

    Shoulder pain

    Shoulder pain is one of the most common orthopedic problems. It usually arises beneath the bone that forms the “roof” of the shoulder (the acromion)....

  • Hernias

    Hernias

    Most hernias occur when part of the bowel or peritoneum pushes through a gap in the abdominal wall. Inguinal (groin) hernias are the most common kind...

  • Misaligned teeth and jaws

    Misaligned teeth and jaws

    People are considered to have misaligned teeth or jaws if their set of teeth is very different to that of most others. This type of problem is common...

  • Epilepsy

    Epilepsy

    In epilepsy, the brain or certain parts of the brain are too active. Some people have their first seizure in childhood, while others have their first...

  • Warts

    Warts

    Most people get warts at some point. Warts are contagious and can be very persistent. Children and teenagers are particularly likely to get them beca...

  • Acute cystitis

    Acute cystitis

    Cystitis is very common in women. It is caused by a bacterial infection. The main symptom is a burning pain when peeing, often accompanied by an incr...

  • Irritable bowel syndrome

    Irritable bowel syndrome

    The typical symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) include abdominal pain, constipation and diarrhea. Although IBS isn't dangerous, the symptoms ...

  • Acne

    Acne

    Most teenagers will have pimples at some point. Severe acne can be very distressing. But there are a number of things that can help, although it usua...

  • Varicose veins

    Varicose veins

    About one in five adults have varicose veins. These bumpy, bluish veins are mainly a cosmetic issue for most people. But they sometimes cause a feeli...

  • Premature ejaculation

    Premature ejaculation

    Ejaculation is considered to be premature if "coming" too soon becomes a problem and affects a man’s sex life. Various treatment options are then ava...

  • Hair loss in chemotherapy

    Hair loss in chemotherapy

    Cancer treatments can have serious side effects. Many people find chemotherapy-related hair loss on their scalp and body to be especially upsetting. ...

  • Tinea versicolor

    Tinea versicolor

    If a fungus grows a lot it may lead to a medical condition. Tinea versicolor is one example. This skin condition is caused by a yeast (fungus), and i...

  • Hemophilia

    Hemophilia

    Hemophilia is a disease that causes problems with blood clotting. It makes blood clot (coagulate) much more slowly than usual. The worse the ability ...

  • Oral thrush

    Oral thrush

    Most of us are familiar with our teeth feeling somewhat “fuzzy” after eating sweets. But if your entire mouth feels cottony all the time, your sense ...

  • Canker sores (mouth ulcers)

    Canker sores (mouth ulcers)

    Canker sores (mouth ulcers) are among the most common medical conditions that affect the mucous membranes lining the mouth. When a canker sore develo...

  • Period pain

    Period pain

    Although menstruation is a normal part of a woman's life, severe period pain need not be. Women don't have to simply put up with it – menstrual pain ...

  • Osteoarthritis of the knee

    Osteoarthritis of the knee

    Osteoarthritis of the knee typically starts with knee pain, at first only during or after movement. The risk is increased by things like being overwe...

  • Parkinson’s disease

    Parkinson’s disease

    Parkinson's disease is a disease of the nervous system. It typically occurs in old age and reduces the person's ability to move. Parkinson’s usually ...

  • Varicoceles

    Varicoceles

    Infertility can be caused by various things. One possible cause is a varicose vein in the scrotum, also known as a varicocele. Varicoceles are quite ...

  • Vaginal yeast infection (thrush)

    Vaginal yeast infection (thrush)

    Vaginal yeast infections are particularly common in women of childbearing age. The symptoms include itching, burning and abnormal vaginal discharge. ...

  • Fever in children

    Fever in children

    Most parents will know what it's like to feel worried when their child has a hot, red face and high temperature. Fevers in children are usually cause...

  • Hepatitis B

    Hepatitis B

    Hepatitis is the medical term for an inflammation of the liver. It is often caused by an infection with certain viruses. Hepatitis B is mainly spread...

  • Chronic glue ear: Are ear tubes an appropriate treatment?

  • Middle ear infection

    Middle ear infection

    Acute middle ear infections are one of the most common illnesses in infants. Many parents then face sleepless nights with a child that cries, has an ...

  • Tick bites

    Tick bites

    Although ticks can carry and spread disease, tick bites usually don't cause any health problems. You're much less likely to develop tick-borne enceph...

  • Corns

    Corns

    Corns develop when an area of skin is repeatedly exposed to pressure or rubbing over a long period of time. They mainly occur on your toes and on the...

  • Tinnitus

    Tinnitus

    Most people experience tinnitus from time to time, for example after a loud concert. But some people hear the typical buzzing or ringing sounds all t...

  • Ovarian cysts

    Ovarian cysts

    Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs in the ovaries. Some have tissue inside them. They are usually non-cancerous (benign) and most of them go away on...

  • Kidney stones

    Kidney stones

    Kidney stones are very common, especially between the ages of 40 and 60. These small, hard crystals form in the renal pelvis, and can move down into ...

  • Neck pain

    Neck pain

    Neck pain can make your neck muscles tense up, preventing you from moving your head normally. The pain sometimes radiates into your arms or head, too...

  • Low back pain

    Low back pain

    Most of us know what low back pain feels like. It usually starts suddenly and then goes away again on its own after a few days or weeks. Low back pai...

  • Heart valve diseases

    Heart valve diseases

    When people talk about heart valve diseases, they usually mean conditions caused by damage to heart valves over time. These tend to occur in older ag...

  • Tonsillitis

    Tonsillitis

    Acute tonsillitis causes symptoms such as a sore throat, difficulty swallowing, fever and tiredness. Tonsillitis that keeps coming back within short ...

  • Enlarged tonsils and adenoids

    Enlarged tonsils and adenoids

    Many children between the ages of three and six years have enlarged tonsils or adenoids. This usually isn’t anything serious. But enlarged tonsils an...

  • Obstructive sleep apnea

    Obstructive sleep apnea

    If you get enough sleep but still feel run down during the day, you may have obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Many people who have sleep apnea snore an...

  • Head lice

    Head lice

    Head lice are tiny parasites that live in our hair and feed on blood from our scalp. Their bites can itch. They usually lay their eggs close to the s...

  • Heartburn and GERD

    Heartburn and GERD

    Many people are familiar with heartburn – a burning pain between your stomach and throat. In gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD), these symptoms ...

  • Osteoarthritis

    Osteoarthritis

    In the early stages of osteoarthritis, the joint usually only hurts when you put strain on it. The pain can get worse over time, affecting your every...

  • Melanoma

    Melanoma

    Melanoma often looks like a dark mole. It may grow fast and spread to other parts of the body (metastasis). The treatment options mainly depend on ho...

  • Lactose intolerance

    Lactose intolerance

    Stomach pain, bloating and "gas" are all typical digestion problems that some people have after eating or drinking dairy products. This may happen be...

  • Non-melanoma skin cancer

    Non-melanoma skin cancer

    There are different kinds of non-melanoma skin cancer. They are much more common than malignant melanoma. Non-melanoma skin cancer grows very slowly,...

  • Brain aneurysm

    Brain aneurysm

    A brain aneurysm is a berry-shaped bulge in an artery in or near the brain. Aneurysms often go unnoticed. But some people have symptoms – or an incre...

  • Vocal nodules

    Vocal nodules

    Vocal nodules typically make your voice hoarse, and it may sound raspy and breathy too. These small non-cancerous nodules usually go away again if yo...

  • Phimosis

    Phimosis

    Nearly all boys are born with a foreskin that won’t pull back (phimosis). This protects the sensitive head of the penis from rubbing against things, ...

  • Osteoporosis

    Osteoporosis

    Having weak bones that easily break is a sign of osteoporosis. It's normal for bone tissue to break down as you grow older, but osteoporosis speeds u...

  • Sinusitis

    Sinusitis

    The typical signs of sinusitis (inflamed paranasal sinuses) are a stuffy nose, pain and a feeling of pressure in the forehead or jaw. Sometimes it de...

  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

    Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

    We often hear about things like serious accidents, natural disasters, or sexual abuse in the news. These traumatic events can have a great impact on ...

  • Acute pancreatitis

    Acute pancreatitis

    Acute pancreatitis is an inflammation of the pancreas that typically causes very sudden and very severe upper abdominal pain. The pain is so bad that...

  • Pelvic organ prolapse

    Pelvic organ prolapse

    For various reasons, the connective tissue in women’s pelvic floor may become weaker. This can cause the womb, bladder or the end part of the bowel t...

  • Pneumonia

    Pneumonia

    Pneumonia often leads to a sudden high fever, the feeling that you are very unwell, a cough and shortness of breath. People who are otherwise in good...

  • Tenosynovitis

    Tenosynovitis

    If a tendon sheath is overused, it can become inflamed and swollen. Known as tenosynovitis, this most commonly occurs in the hands, arms and feet. Th...

  • Bursitis

    Bursitis

    Signs of bursitis include swelling and pain – for instance, in an elbow or knee. It can arise when too much pressure is put on one of the protective ...

  • Frozen shoulder

    Frozen shoulder

    Frozen shoulder starts very gradually. At first the pain is mild, but it then gets worse and can make it difficult to sleep through the night. Over t...

  • Cold sores

    Cold sores

    Cold sores lead to the formation of painful blisters around the lips, typically only on one side of the mouth. People who have had a cold sore in the...

  • Gastritis

    Gastritis

    Gastritis is common. The symptoms include stomach pain, heartburn, nausea and feeling full. It is usually caused by certain bacteria or anti-inflamma...

  • Bunions

    Bunions

    Bunions are among the most common foot deformities. They often don’t cause any problems – or only minor problems. But sometimes the foot becomes incr...

  • Nail fungus

    Nail fungus

    Nail fungus is very common. Experts think that it often develops from untreated athlete's foot. It then takes a while to get rid of the brittle, disc...

  • Migraine

    Migraine

    A migraine is very different from a “normal” headache: Migraines are typically associated with moderate to severe headaches that only affect one side...

  • Tennis elbow

    Tennis elbow

    Tennis elbow is usually the result of repetitive movements or too much strain – for instance, during sports like tennis or when doing manual labor. T...

  • Age-related macular degeneration (AMD)

    Age-related macular degeneration (AMD)

    It's normal for vision to gradually get worse with age. Some people also have medical conditions that further affect their vision. Age-related macula...

  • Ankle sprains

    Ankle sprains

    Ankle sprains are one of the most common types of injury. When an ankle is twisted, the ligaments are overstretched. In the worst case, they might te...

  • Overactive thyroid

    Overactive thyroid

    The thyroid gland regulates a lot of functions in the body. It is said to be overactive if it produces too many thyroid hormones. This can lead to sy...

  • Ankle fractures

    Ankle fractures

    If you're unlucky, twisting your foot badly can result in a broken ankle. This is a more serious injury that may affect one or more bones. Is surgery...

  • Colorectal cancer

    Colorectal cancer

    Colorectal cancer is sometimes considered to be a disease only men have. But that is wrong: Although it affects men more commonly and often at an ear...

  • Bedwetting

    Bedwetting

    Bedwetting is more common among children and teenagers than many people think. Regular nighttime “accidents” can be troubling for the entire family. ...

  • Pregnancy and birth

    Pregnancy and birth

    Pregnancy is a time of change, especially if it's your first. Parents-to-be may have feelings ranging from joy and hope to worries and anxiety: How w...

  • Erysipelas and cellulitis

    Erysipelas and cellulitis

    Erysipelas and cellulitis are skin infections that can develop if bacteria enter the skin through cuts or sores. Both infections make your skin swell...

  • Chronic kidney disease

    Chronic kidney disease

    Older people are especially prone to developing chronic kidney disease. The most common causes are diabetes and high blood pressure. The disease ofte...

  • Surgery

    Surgery

    People who are preparing to have surgery usually have a lot of questions: What are the chances of success? What risks are associated with it? What ca...

  • Health care in Germany

    Health care in Germany

    In Germany, it's usually not hard to find medical help if you become ill. There is an extensive network of easily accessible places to go for treatme...

  • Heart failure

    Heart failure

    Many people with heart failure avoid physical activity in order to prevent symptoms like shortness of breath and trouble breathing. But physical exer...

  • Cervical cancer

    Cervical cancer

    Cervical cancer nearly always develops as a rare consequence of a long-term infection with particular types of sexually transmitted HPV viruses. HPV ...

  • Asthma

    Asthma

    In asthma, people's airways become so narrow (temporarily or permanently) that it's difficult for them to breathe. With the right treatment, though, ...

  • Hearing loss and deafness

    Hearing loss and deafness

    In Germany and other countries, babies are routinely given hearing tests immediately after birth. The goal is to diagnose and treat hearing problems ...

  • Uterine fibroids

    Uterine fibroids

    Many women have benign (non-cancerous) growths known as fibroids in or on their womb. Most fibroids are small and don't cause any problems. Depending...

  • Carpal tunnel syndrome

    Carpal tunnel syndrome

    Most people know what it's like to wake up in the night and realize that their hand has "fallen asleep." The hand then feels numb or tingly. Carpal t...

  • Enlarged hemorrhoids

    Enlarged hemorrhoids

    We all have hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are normal “cushions” of tissue filled with blood vessels, found at the end of the rectum. They only cause probl...

  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder

    Obsessive-compulsive disorder

    People with obsessive-compulsive disorder may constantly wash their hands because they are afraid of germs, or may not be able to stop counting to 20...

  • Endometriosis

    Endometriosis

    "Endometriosis? Never heard of it." This is what many people say, even though it is a common condition in women. While some hardly notice that they h...

  • High cholesterol

    High cholesterol

    Find out the difference between “good” and “bad” cholesterol, which levels are considered to be normal, and what some related medical terms mean. Als...

  • Acute bronchitis

    Acute bronchitis

    In acute bronchitis, the lower airways (bronchi) are temporarily inflamed. The cough is usually dry at first. Later on, it may develop into a phlegmy...

  • Smoking

    Smoking

    Most people who smoke decide to stop smoking at some point. But quitting may be harder than expected. It usually takes several attempts before you ac...

  • Using medication

    Using medication

    Using medication sounds easy but it can be complicated, like when you need to use several medications over a longer period of time. What's the best w...

  • Falls in older people

    Falls in older people

    There are plenty of tripping hazards in the average home - an edge of the carpet sticking up, a lose cable, or slippery tiles in the bathroom. When o...

  • Underactive thyroid

    Underactive thyroid

    If you constantly feel unmotivated, have a low pulse and are constipated, you may wonder what the cause is. There are many possible reasons for these...

  • Breast cancer

    Breast cancer

    Being diagnosed with breast cancer often makes people feel very frightened and anxious. But if you get breast cancer for the first time and it hasn’t...

  • Coronary artery disease

    Coronary artery disease

    Coronary artery disease (CAD) is caused by the narrowing of the large blood vessels that supply the heart with oxygen. These vessels are called coron...

  • Stroke

    Stroke

    The signs of a stroke include a sudden and severe headache, paralysis and speech difficulties. These problems are caused when part of the brain doesn...

  • Type 1 diabetes

    Type 1 diabetes

    In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas can only produce insulin in small quantities or can’t produce any at all. People who have type 1 diabetes need to in...

  • Alzheimer's disease

    Alzheimer's disease

    Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia. People with Alzheimer's become forgetful and increasingly have difficulty expressing themse...

  • Contraception

    Contraception

    The introduction of the birth control pill in the 1960s was something of a revolution. Many hormonal contraceptives are available nowadays. More rece...

  • Premenstrual syndrome

    Premenstrual syndrome

    Sometimes even women don't quite understand what happens to them on the days leading up to their period. Women who have premenstrual syndrome (PMS) m...

  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm

    Abdominal aortic aneurysm

    An abdominal aortic aneurysm may arise if the wall of the aorta becomes less elastic, for example due to the normal aging process, smoking or high bl...

  • Psoriasis

    Psoriasis

    Psoriasis is characterized by clearly defined patches of red and scaly skin. This non-contagious condition typically starts in adulthood and comes an...

  • Heavy periods

    Heavy periods

    Most women don't actually lose very much blood during their period. But if tampons or pads have to be changed very often, the bleeding is probably he...

  • Eczema

    Eczema

    Eczema is an inflammatory skin condition that often occurs in children. The main symptom is a very itchy rash. Acute flare-ups can greatly affect qua...

  • Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

    Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

    Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) occurs when a blood clot forms in a vein. It can cause symptoms such as tenderness, skin redness, swelling of the lower le...

  • Gallstones

    Gallstones

    We all have abdominal pain and digestion problems from time to time. In most cases they're harmless. But if you have cramping pain in your upper abdo...

  • Metastatic breast cancer

    Metastatic breast cancer

    Sometimes breast cancer is found only after it has already spread to other parts of the body. But with well-planned and individualized treatment, it ...