Cervical cancer: What are the benefits of HPV tests for cervical screening?
Pap tests aren't the only way to screen for cervical cancer. HPV tests can be used for this purpose too. They are actually even more effective at detecting abnormal tissue that could turn into cancer.
Cervical cancer (cervical carcinoma) is a type of cancer that grows at the opening of the cervix, which is found at the bottom of the womb. About 4,600 women get cervical cancer in Germany each year. Cervical cancer develops from a long-term infection with human papillomaviruses (HPV). If the viruses stay in the cells lining the cervix for a long time, then the cells can change over time, and eventually develop into cancer after many years. The vast majority of HPV infections, though, are not dangerous and clear up on their own.