You can find out what triggers your migraines by keeping a diary or log of your symptoms for a few weeks or months. You will find a printable template (PDF) for this kind of diary here.
You can use the form to make a note of what happened on days when you have a migraine, such as:
- Did you feel stressed out?
- Did you have trouble sleeping?
- What did you eat or drink?
You can describe the migraine attacks in greater detail, including
- what time the pain started,
- how long the attack lasted, and
- how severe the headache was.
It's also important to record
- whether you took medication,
- and – if so – what kind of medication and how much.
Migraine diaries not only help you to find possible migraine triggers. They can also help you to find out more about your migraines – like whether they are chronic. You can see how often the attacks occur – and how frequently you take medication.
Keeping a migraine diary can also be helpful if it's not absolutely clear whether you have migraines or another type of headache – such as cluster headaches.
To get a better overview, you can also mark the days on the calendar when you've had a headache, as well as the days you took medication, for example. Or you can try a digital diary (app) if you prefer.