Understanding tests used to detect bone problems
Just like other tissues and organs in our body, bones can be affected by medical conditions too. These include things like fractures, signs of wear and tear, inflammations and cancer. Injuries and fractures are common in younger people. As we grow older, diseases like osteoporosis and osteoarthritis are more likely to develop. Various tests and examinations can be used to find out what is causing problems like pain or difficulties moving.
Before any imaging techniques or tests are used, you will usually have an in-depth talk with a doctor (anamnesis) followed by a physical examination. The doctor will ask you to describe your symptoms, and may want to know about the type of pain or movement difficulties you are experiencing and what part of your body is affected. Knowing about previous illnesses and diseases that run in your family can help the doctor, as does information about work-related strains and your individual lifestyle. As part of the physical examination, the doctor checks for things like any abnormal positions of the bones and how well you can move the affected part of your body. He or she does this without using any additional instruments. If the doctor thinks you may have a particular problem, various imaging techniques and other tests might be considered.