My partner has endometriosis – What does that mean for me?
Having a partner who suffers from severe abdominal pain on several days every month will affect your life together too. It is not easy to deal with. If this pain is caused by endometriosis, effective relief is often available. But it's important to be aware of the options, limitations and disadvantages of treatments.
Men sometimes find it hard to understand how their partner’s period pain can be so bad that they regularly have to cancel plans. Perhaps you have also found yourself wondering why your partner can't simply cope with her period pain “like other women do.” The answer is easy: If your partner has endometriosis, her period pain is much worse than that of other women – so she is by no means just whining.
Endometriosis is a medical condition where the kind of tissue that usually lines the womb is also found in other parts of the body. These areas of endometriosis tissue are called endometrial implants. Like the lining of the womb, they build up and are shed every month. But, unlike period (menstrual) blood, the tissue that is shed in the abdomen can't leave the body, so inflammations and scars often develop.
About 1 out of 10 women have endometriosis. Whether or not it causes symptoms, and what kind of symptoms women have, depends on things like where the endometrial implants are and how bad the inflammations are. Some women hardly have any symptoms, whereas others are regularly knocked out of action by painful cramps. Endometrial implants may grow on a woman’s ovaries and in her fallopian tubes, which can lead to fertility problems. Sometimes women first find out that they have endometriosis when they go to the doctor because they haven't been able to get pregnant despite trying for a long time.