Preventing kidney stones
People who have had a kidney stone are quite likely to get another one. To prevent that from happening, it's usually enough to drink plenty of water and change your diet. If kidney stones still keep on forming, medication can be used as prevention.
About 30 to 50 out of 100 people who have had a kidney stone can expect to have another within five years. About 10 out of 100 will develop kidney stones more regularly. Many people who are affected want to know what they can do to prevent new kidney stones from forming.
Because kidney stones can have so many different possible causes, it’s important to find out what the stones are made of. The levels of some substances in your blood and urine may also help to determine the cause. About 80% of all kidney stones are calcium stones. Uric acid stones make up about 5 to 10% of all kidney stones. The rest are made of struvite, cystine or other less common substances.
Drinking enough fluids and, if necessary, changing your diet is usually all you need to do to lower your risk of kidney stones. People who have a higher risk of kidney stones can also consider taking medication to prevent them.