Arowojolu AO, Gallo MF, Lopez LM et al. Combined oral contraceptive pills for treatment of acne. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2012; (7): CD004425.
Barbaric J, Abbott R, Posadzki P et al. Light therapies for acne. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2016; (9): CD007917.
Cao H, Yang G, Wang Y et al. Complementary therapies for acne vulgaris. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2015; (1): CD009436.
Chen X, Wang S, Yang M et al. Chemical peels for acne vulgaris: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials. BMJ Open 2018; 8(4): e019607.
Costa CS, Bagatin E, Martimbianco AL et al. Oral isotretinoin for acne. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018; (11): CD009435.
De Vries FM, Meulendijks AM, Driessen RJ et al. The efficacy and safety of non-pharmacological therapies for the treatment of acne vulgaris: A systematic review and best-evidence synthesis. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2018; 32(7): 1195-1203.
Garner SE, Eady A, Bennett C et al. Minocycline for acne vulgaris: efficacy and safety. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2012; (8): CD002086.
Kim S, Park TH, Kim WI et al. The effects of green tea on acne vulgaris: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. Phytother Res 2021; 35(1): 374-383.
Kolli SS, Pecone D, Pona A et al. Topical Retinoids in Acne Vulgaris: A Systematic Review. Am J Clin Dermatol 2019; 20(3): 345-365.
Liu H, Yu H, Xia J et al. Topical azelaic acid, salicylic acid, nicotinamide, sulphur, zinc and fruit acid (alpha-hydroxy acid) for acne. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2020; (5): CD011368.
Mohd Nor NH, Aziz Z. A systematic review of benzoyl peroxide for acne vulgaris. J DermatologTreat 2013; 24(5): 377-386.
Nast A, Dréno B, Bettoli V et al. European evidence-based (S3) guideline for the treatment of acne - update 2016 - short version. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2016; 30(8): 1261-1268.
Purdy S, de Berker D. Acne vulgaris. BMJ Clin Evid 2011: pii: 1714.
Romano M, Dellavalle RP, Naldi L. Acne vulgaris. In: Williams H (Ed). Evidence-based dermatology. London: BMJ Publishing Group; 2014.
Yang Z, Zhang Y, Lazić-Mosler E et al. Topical benzoyl peroxide for acne. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2020; (3): CD011154.
IQWiG health information is written with the aim of helping people understand the advantages and disadvantages of the main treatment options and health care services.
Because IQWiG is a German institute, some of the information provided here is specific to the German health care system. The suitability of any of the described options in an individual case can be determined by talking to a doctor. informedhealth.org can provide support for talks with doctors and other medical professionals, but cannot replace them. We do not offer individual consultations.
Our information is based on the results of good-quality studies. It is written by a team of health care professionals, scientists and editors, and reviewed by external experts. You can find a detailed description of how our health information is produced and updated in our methods.