Immunotherapy for allergic asthma
In many people who have , it is closely linked to an . Their attacks are mainly triggered by allergy-causing substances (allergens), such as pollen, dust mites or animal fur. Allergen-specific immunotherapy is a treatment option for this kind of .
The goal of allergen-specific immunotherapy is to reduce symptoms in the medium to long term and to prevent attacks. It has to be repeated regularly and takes quite a long time to start working. This treatment is also known as desensitization. It aims to do exactly that: make the less sensitive. In people who are allergic to something, their body is oversensitive or hypersensitive to an allergen. They produce antibodies to fight the allergen, even though it is harmless. These antibodies are part of a chain reaction that leads to symptoms.
In allergen-specific immunotherapy, people are given allergen extracts to try to train their body to react differently: It’s a bit like being “vaccinated” against your own . The allergen extracts can be injected or taken as tablets or drops.